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Educ. Sci. 2015, 5(3), 221-237;

Challenges for Educational Technologists in the 21st Century

Department of Learning Technologies, College of Information, University of North Texas, 3940 N. Elm Street, G 150, Denton, TX 76207, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Jing Lei
Received: 14 July 2015 / Revised: 7 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 September 2015 / Published: 17 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Critical Issues in Educational Technology)
PDF [442 KB, uploaded 17 September 2015]


In 1972, Edsger Dijkstra claimed that computers had only introduced the new problem of learning to use them effectively. This is especially true in 2015 with regard to powerful new educational technologies. This article describes the challenges that 21st century educational technologists are, and will be, addressing as they undertake the effective integration of new technologies into K-12 educational systems and learning environments. The expanding Internet, ever more powerful mobile devices, and other innovations make the task of designing effective formal and informal learning challenging, especially in light of the high rate of change in these new technologies. While these technologies introduce many benefits, they are also causing serious threats to system security and personal privacy. Furthermore, as these technologies continue to evolve, ethical issues such as equal access to resources become imperative. Educational technologists must expand their forward-thinking leadership and planning competencies so as to ensure effective use of new technologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital divide; educational technology integration; equal access; ethics; instructional design; privacy rights; security digital divide; educational technology integration; equal access; ethics; instructional design; privacy rights; security
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Mayes, R.; Natividad, G.; Spector, J.M. Challenges for Educational Technologists in the 21st Century. Educ. Sci. 2015, 5, 221-237.

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