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Article

Entrepreneurial Intention before and during COVID-19—A Case Study on Portuguese University Students

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NECE—Research Unit in Business Sciences, Miguel Torga Institute of Higher Education, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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REMIT—Research on Economics, Management and Information Technologies, University Portucalense, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
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CICS.NOVA—Interdisciplinary Centre of Social Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, 2411-901 Leiria, Portugal
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NECE—Research Unit in Business Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, 2411-901 Leiria, Portugal
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School of Economics and Management, University of Minho, Largo do Paço, 4704-553 Braga, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jacinto Jardim, Maria José Sousa and James Albright
Educ. Sci. 2021, 11(6), 273; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060273
Received: 21 April 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 27 May 2021 / Published: 31 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research and Trends in Entrepreneurship Education)
The present research aims to compare the entrepreneurial intention of university students before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. For this purpose, some dimensions were analyzed, such as the availability of this target audience to undertake an activity at their own risk, the preference for a future while employed by others, their perception of the values that society places on entrepreneurship, and the entrepreneurial abilities/skillsets. A comparative study of a quantitative nature was used, associating two samples composed of students of higher education in Portugal, the data were obtained before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis of the results permits us to conclude: (1) in the circumstances of macroeconomic changes resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, entrepreneurial activity does not decrease; (2) respondents are less interested in being employed by others and more attracted to being entrepreneurs; (3) there is a growing concordance with the values that society places on entrepreneurship; and (4) there is now a greater aptitude for entrepreneurial activity. The present research is original, as it compares data obtained in different contexts of economic and social stability. It contributes to theory and practice, in the sense that it points to conclusions in the opposite direction of other studies carried out in situations of disasters of another nature, and can serve as a reference for the development of strategies to promote entrepreneurship, within higher education institutions and official entities to publicize and promote new public policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: university; academy; entrepreneurial intention; academic entrepreneurship; third mission of the university; pandemic; COVID-19 university; academy; entrepreneurial intention; academic entrepreneurship; third mission of the university; pandemic; COVID-19
MDPI and ACS Style

Lopes, J.M.; Gomes, S.; Santos, T.; Oliveira, M.; Oliveira, J. Entrepreneurial Intention before and during COVID-19—A Case Study on Portuguese University Students. Educ. Sci. 2021, 11, 273. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060273

AMA Style

Lopes JM, Gomes S, Santos T, Oliveira M, Oliveira J. Entrepreneurial Intention before and during COVID-19—A Case Study on Portuguese University Students. Education Sciences. 2021; 11(6):273. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060273

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lopes, João M., Sofia Gomes, Tânia Santos, Márcio Oliveira, and José Oliveira. 2021. "Entrepreneurial Intention before and during COVID-19—A Case Study on Portuguese University Students" Education Sciences 11, no. 6: 273. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11060273

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