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Open AccessArticle

Determinants of Food Security and Technical Efficiency among Agricultural Households in Nigeria

1
Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK
2
Agricultural and Food Economics Branch, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, 18a Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Economies 2019, 7(4), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7040103
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 5 September 2019 / Accepted: 17 September 2019 / Published: 10 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Productivity and Efficiency Analysis)
The challenge of food security in Nigeria hinges on several factors of which poor technical efficiency is key. Using a stochastic frontier framework, we estimated the technical efficiency of agricultural households in Nigeria and tested for the significance of mean technical efficiency of food-secure and food-insecure agricultural households. We further assessed the determinants of agricultural households’ inefficiencies within the stochastic frontier model and adopted a standard probit model to assess the determinants of households’ food security status. The results of our analyses revealed that; on the overall, the agricultural households had a mean technical efficiency of 52%, suggesting that agricultural households have the tendency of improving their technical efficiency by 48% using the available resource more efficiently. We found that households that are food-secure are more technically efficient than food in-secure households and this was significant at one-percent. Our results provide useful insights into the role of land size and number of assets as determinants of agricultural households’ food security and technical efficiency status. View Full-Text
Keywords: food security; technical efficiency; Nigeria food security; technical efficiency; Nigeria
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Oyetunde-Usman, Z.; Olagunju, K.O. Determinants of Food Security and Technical Efficiency among Agricultural Households in Nigeria. Economies 2019, 7, 103.

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