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Open AccessArticle

Mixed Topology of DF Relayed Terrestrial Optical Wireless Links with Generalized Pointing Errors over Turbulence Channels

1
Department of Electronics, Computers, Telecommunications and Control, Faculty of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece
2
Laboratory of Nonlinear Systems, Circuits & Complexity, Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Physics Department, Electronics-Telecommunications and Applications Laboratory, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Technologies 2018, 6(4), 121; https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies6040121
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 10 December 2018 / Accepted: 12 December 2018 / Published: 17 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modern Circuits and Systems Technologies on Communications)
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Abstract

This study investigated the outage performance of a terrestrial FSO communication system that uses mixed series and parallel decode-and-forward (DF) relay-assisted (i.e., cooperative diversity) configurations, taking into account the influence of both atmospheric turbulence and pointing error effects. Turbulence-induced optical signal fading is modeled by gamma-gamma or the negative exponential distribution for weak to strong and saturated turbulence conditions, respectively. Additionally, weak to strong non-zero boresight misalignment-induced optical signal fading is modeled by the generalized Beckmann distribution. Under these conditions, an outage analysis of the examined FSO system is performed, in terms of both outage probability and mean outage duration metrics. Thus, fairly accurate closed-form mathematical expressions for both performance metrics are derived, while their corresponding analytical results demonstrate concrete performance and availability improvements for the total FSO system, especially when the number of the connected in parallel DF relays increases. Moreover, the obtained results are verified through the corresponding simulation results. View Full-Text
Keywords: free space optical communication systems; mixed series and parallel DF relay-assisted configurations; nonzero boresight misalignment-induced fading; turbulence-induced fading; gamma-gamma distribution; negative exponential distribution; Beckmann distribution; outage probability; mean outage duration free space optical communication systems; mixed series and parallel DF relay-assisted configurations; nonzero boresight misalignment-induced fading; turbulence-induced fading; gamma-gamma distribution; negative exponential distribution; Beckmann distribution; outage probability; mean outage duration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Varotsos, G.K.; Nistazakis, H.E.; Stassinakis, A.N.; Volos, C.K.; Christofilakis, V.; Tombras, G.S. Mixed Topology of DF Relayed Terrestrial Optical Wireless Links with Generalized Pointing Errors over Turbulence Channels. Technologies 2018, 6, 121.

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