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Current and Potential Roles in Sports Pharmacy: A Systematic Review

1
Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, Australia
2
Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2019, 7(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7010029
Received: 13 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Burden of Medicines)
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Abstract

(1) Background: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate current and potential roles for pharmacists in sports medicine and to identify key themes in outcomes reported in studies. (2) Methods: EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus and the Cochrane Library were searched in January 2019. Peer-reviewed, original research articles were considered for inclusion. Articles published in a language other than English were excluded. Quality appraisal was performed independently by two authors. (3) Results: Findings of 11 eligible articles (10 observational and 1 experimental study design) were grouped into three themes: (i) doping prevention and control, (ii) injury management and first aid, and (iii) educational and curricular needs. Pharmacists were perceived as a good potential source of information about doping and are enthusiastic about counseling athletes, but lack knowledge and confidence in this area. While pharmacists were frequently consulted for advice on managing sprains and strains, their advice was not always guided by current evidence. Pharmacists and pharmacy students recalled limited opportunity for education in sports pharmacy. (4) Conclusion: Pharmacists showed a willingness and an aptitude to counsel athletes. However, lack of knowledge and confidence, and limited educational opportunities, were key barriers. More research is necessary to support pharmacists in this role. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacy; doping; performance-enhancing; medicine; supplement; sport; athlete; injury pharmacy; doping; performance-enhancing; medicine; supplement; sport; athlete; injury
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Hooper, A.D.; Cooper, J.M.; Schneider, J.; Kairuz, T. Current and Potential Roles in Sports Pharmacy: A Systematic Review. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 29.

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