Polypharmacy and Psychological Distress May Be Associated in African American Adults
AbstractBackground: Compared to Whites, African Americans are at a higher risk of multiple chronic conditions, which places them at a higher risk of polypharmacy. Few national studies, however, have tested whether polypharmacy is associated with psychological distress—the net of socioeconomic status, health status, and stress—in African Americans. Aims: In a national sample of African Americans in the US, this study investigated the association between polypharmacy and psychological distress. Methods: The National Survey of American Life (NSAL, 2003) included 3570 African American adults who were 18 years or over. This number was composed of 2299 women and 1271 men. Polypharmacy (using ≥ 5 medications) and hyper-polypharmacy (using ≥ 10 medications) were the independent variables. Psychological distress was the dependent variable. Age, gender, socioeconomic status (education attainment, income, employment, and marital status), health care access (insurance status and usual place of care), and health status (multimorbidity and psychiatric disorders) were the covariates. Linear multivariable regression was applied to perform the data analysis. Results: Both polypharmacy and hyper-polypharmacy were associated with psychological distress. This association was significant after controlling for all the covariates. Conclusions: African Americans with polypharmacy, particularly those with hyper-polypharmacy, are experiencing higher levels of psychological distress, which itself is a known risk factor for poor adherence to medications. There is a need for a comprehensive evaluation of medications as well as screening for psychopathology in African Americans with multiple medical conditions. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Assari, S.; Bazargan, M. Polypharmacy and Psychological Distress May Be Associated in African American Adults. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 14.
Assari S, Bazargan M. Polypharmacy and Psychological Distress May Be Associated in African American Adults. Pharmacy. 2019; 7(1):14.Chicago/Turabian Style
Assari, Shervin; Bazargan, Mohsen. 2019. "Polypharmacy and Psychological Distress May Be Associated in African American Adults." Pharmacy 7, no. 1: 14.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.