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Pharmacy 2018, 6(2), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6020042

Dental Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Antibiotic Prescribing Guidelines in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

1
College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University (REU), Riyadh 13244, Saudi Arabia
2
College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University (JU), Sakakah 72388, Saudi Arabia
3
College of Dentistry, King Khalid University (KKU), Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
4
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC), Riyadh 14611, Saudi Arabia
5
King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Riyadh 14811, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 April 2018 / Revised: 28 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimising Cultural Capabilities in Pharmacy Practice and Education)
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Abstract

Background: The use of antibiotics prophylactically and therapeutically in dentistry has become common practice. Inappropriate prescription may lead to adverse side effects and bacterial resistance. During clinical training, dental students in Saudi Arabia are authorized to prescribe antibiotics. Aim: To evaluate dental students’ knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic prescription in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a validated questionnaire consisting of 34 questions focusing on antibiotic indications in dentistry, antibiotic regimens, and knowledge regarding resistance was distributed amongst dental students in five leading dental colleges in Riyadh. Results: A large proportion of students (71.7%) were familiar with the concept of antibiotic resistance. When comparing junior and senior dental students’ knowledge with regards to indications of antibiotic use in commonly encountered conditions, it was found that there was no significant difference in antibiotic prescription frequency between these groups. Most dental students choose to prescribe amoxicillin as their first-choice of antibiotic (88.4%), and most also chose to use it for a duration of 3–5 days (69.2%). Conclusions: This study concludes that dental students may prescribe antibiotics inappropriately to manage various conditions when not indicated. This may indicate a defect in education of students with regards to current antibiotic guidelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotics; overprescription; dental student; attitudes; knowledge; antibiotic resistance antibiotics; overprescription; dental student; attitudes; knowledge; antibiotic resistance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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AboAlSamh, A.; Alhussain, A.; Alanazi, N.; Alahmari, R.; Shaheen, N.; Adlan, A. Dental Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Antibiotic Prescribing Guidelines in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 42.

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