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Aerospace 2018, 5(2), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace5020046

The Public Safety Zones around Small and Medium Airports

1
Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Rome, Italy
2
Via Luigi Pirandello, 30, 71042 Cerignola, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 16 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Air Transportation—Operations and Management)
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Abstract

Proper planning around airports safeguards the surrounding territory from risks of air accidents. Many countries have defined Public Safety Zones (PSZs) beyond the runway thresholds as a result of targeted risk assessment methods. Therefore, national aviation Authorities could limit building construction and industrial development in order to contain the risk for dwellers to be involved in aircraft accidents. The number of people who live, work or congregate in these areas should be limited. The procedure to set Public Safety Zones is based on advanced technical analyses for major infrastructures. For smaller airports, simplified schemes are used, but, sometimes, they are not as effective when considering the actual safety conditions. This article aims to identify the shape and size of the Public Safety Zones for small and medium one-runway airports. The influence of the volume and mix of traffic on the PSZ geometry has been evaluated using the program named SARA (Sapienza Airport Risk Analysis); the results are correlated with the current Risk Plans generally adopted in Italy. According to the air traffic, the Risk Plans are characterized by a dynamic definition and fit the results obtained from risk assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: airport; risk assessment; public safety zone; Risk Plans; urban planning airport; risk assessment; public safety zone; Risk Plans; urban planning
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Di Mascio, P.; Perta, G.; Cantisani, G.; Loprencipe, G. The Public Safety Zones around Small and Medium Airports. Aerospace 2018, 5, 46.

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