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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Sea Surface Temperatures and Sea Level Rise—The Arabian Gulf

1
Geography Department, College of Arts and Social Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
2
Environmental Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, New Damietta, Egypt
Climate 2020, 8(4), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli8040050
Received: 1 March 2020 / Revised: 26 March 2020 / Accepted: 28 March 2020 / Published: 30 March 2020
The Arabian Gulf is one of the regions in the world experiencing major changes due to increased economic growth rates and development practices. As a shallow water body within a hot desert, the Gulf is exposed to obvious warming in the sea surface temperatures (SST). Remotely sensed SST data were utilized to estimate decadal change in SST with a focus on coral reef locations. There is a positive trend in monthly time series SSTs, with a maximum value of about 0.7 °C/decade for the western side of the Gulf. This high trend of SST is associated with significant coral reef bleaching and it coincides with major climate/ocean interactions. Most of the Arabian countries along the Gulf have coastal developments at low-land areas of high vulnerability to sea level rise. Digital elevation models showed that there are more than 3100 km2 of coastal areas that occur at 1 m level along the Arabian countries of the Gulf. Coastal protection and conservation measures are crucial to protect low-lying coasts of urban use. View Full-Text
Keywords: SST; global warming; coral reefs; sea level rise SST; global warming; coral reefs; sea level rise
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Hereher, M.E. Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Sea Surface Temperatures and Sea Level Rise—The Arabian Gulf. Climate 2020, 8, 50.

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