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Open AccessArticle

Assessing the Adaptive Capacity of Households to Climate Change in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

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Department of Environmental Science, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia
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Center for Environment and Development, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 56649, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Department of Natural Resource Economics and Policy, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia
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CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 30709-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
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Institute of Plant Science and Microbiology, Hamburg University, Ohnhorststr. 18, 22609 Hamburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2020, 8(10), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli8100106
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 9 September 2020 / Accepted: 11 September 2020 / Published: 29 September 2020
This paper explores the different components of the adaptive capacity of households in the Central Rift Valley (CRV) of Ethiopia and quantifies their relative contributions. The data were derived from a survey of 413 households randomly selected from four Kebeles (the smallest government administrative units) in the CRV. The adaptive capacity of the households was assessed using the Local Adaptive Capacity (LAC) framework and measured in terms of both aggregate and composite indices, with sixty indicators distributed across five major components and subcomponents. The index score for major components shows that intangible variables such as institutions and entitlements, knowledge and information, and innovation contributed to adaptive capacity better than decision–making and governance and asset–base. The composite indices for sub–components showed that the contribution of woodlands to adaptive capacity was positive and superior to other natural assets. Grazing land was the next best contributor, while farmland and water resources made a much lower contribution. The findings of this study are useful to better understand the nature of adaptive capacity and its components at the household level. This study suggests the need for an integrated assessment and enhancement of adaptive capacity with all its components rather than focusing only on asset possession as an indicator of adaptive capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive capacity; component; index; household; Central Rift Valley adaptive capacity; component; index; household; Central Rift Valley
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Mesfin, D.; Simane, B.; Belay, A.; Recha, J.W.; Schmiedel, U. Assessing the Adaptive Capacity of Households to Climate Change in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Climate 2020, 8, 106.

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