Next Article in Journal
Expected Impacts of Mixing European Beech with Silver Fir on Regional Air Quality and Radiation Balance
Previous Article in Journal
Performance Evaluation of Satellite-Based Rainfall Products over Nigeria
Previous Article in Special Issue
Urban Heat Island in Mediterranean Coastal Cities: The Case of Bari (Italy)
Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceArticle

Modeling and Analysis of Barriers to Climate Change Adaptation in Tehran

1
PhD in Urban Planning, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 19395/1495, Iran
2
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739–8530, Japan
3
Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739–8530, Japan
4
Network for Education and Research on Peace and Sustainability (NERPS), Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739–8530, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2020, 8(10), 104; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli8100104
Received: 18 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
Since the impacts of climate change will last for many years, adaptation to this phenomenon should be prioritized in urban management plans. Although Tehran, the capital of Iran, has been subject to a variety of climate change impacts in recent years, appropriate adaptation measures to address them are yet to be taken. This study primarily aims to categorize the barriers to climate change adaptation in Tehran and analyze the way they interact with each other. The study was done in three steps: first, the focus group discussion (FGD) method was used to identify the barriers; next, the survey and the structural equation modeling (SEM) were used to validate the barriers, identify their importance, and examine their possible inter-relationships; and finally, the interpretive structural modeling (ISM) was applied to categorize and visualize the relationships between the barriers. Results show that barriers related to the ‘structure and culture of research’, ‘laws and regulations’, and ‘planning’ belong to the cluster of independent barriers and are of greater significance. The ‘social’ barrier and barriers related to ‘resources and resource management’ are identified as dependent barriers and are of lesser importance. Barriers related to ‘governance’, ‘awareness’, ‘education and knowledge’, ‘communication and interaction’, and ‘economy’ are identified at the intermediate cluster. The findings of this study can provide planners and decision makers with invaluable insights as to how to develop strategies for climate change adaptation in Tehran. Despite the scope of the study being confined to Tehran, its implications go far beyond this metropolis. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change adaptation; barriers; focus group discussion; Tehran; structural equation modeling; urban management climate change adaptation; barriers; focus group discussion; Tehran; structural equation modeling; urban management
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ghasemzadeh, B.; Sharifi, A. Modeling and Analysis of Barriers to Climate Change Adaptation in Tehran. Climate 2020, 8, 104.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop