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The North Atlantic Oscillations: Cycle Times for the NAO, the AMO and the AMOC

1
Department of Technology, Art and Design, OsloMet—Oslo Metropolitan University, N-0130 Oslo, Norway
2
NOAA/NWS/NCEP/Climate Prediction Center, 5830 University Research Court, NCWCP, College Park, MD 20740, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2019, 7(3), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7030043
Received: 22 January 2019 / Revised: 26 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
We show that oceanic cycle lengths persist across oceanic cyclic time-series by comparing cycles in series that come from “sister” measurements in the North Atlantic Ocean. These are the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO), the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO) and the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). The raw NAO series, which is an extremely noisy series in its raw format, showed cycles at 7, 13, 20, 26 and 34 years that were common with, or overlapped, the other two series, and across increasing degrees of smoothing of the NAO series. At the 1960 midpoint of the hiatus period 1943–1975, NAO was leading time-series to AMOC and AMO and AMO was a leading time-series to AMOC, but in 1975, at the end of the hiatus period, the leading relations were reversed. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate; ocean oscillations; NAO; AMO; AMOC; leading-lagging relations; see saw pattern climate; ocean oscillations; NAO; AMO; AMOC; leading-lagging relations; see saw pattern
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Seip, K.L.; Grøn, Ø.; Wang, H. The North Atlantic Oscillations: Cycle Times for the NAO, the AMO and the AMOC. Climate 2019, 7, 43.

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