Mapping Precipitation, Temperature, and Evapotranspiration in the Mkomazi River Basin, Tanzania
AbstractIt is still a challenge to provide spatially explicit predictions of climate parameters in African regions of complex relief, where meteorological information is scarce. Here we predict rainfall, temperature, and reference evapotranspiration (ETo) for the southern Mkomazi River Basin in Northeastern Tanzania, East Africa, by means of regression-based, digital elevation models (DEM) at 90 m spatial-resolution and geographic information systems (GIS) techniques. We mapped rainfall for the period 1964–2010. The models accounted for orographic factors which strongly influenced the spatial variability of rainfall in the region. According to orography, the area was divided into three zones for modelling rainfall: windward, leeward, and transition zone. Rainfall indicates high spatial and temporal variability dominated by equatorial East-African climate circulation systems. Maximum and minimum temperatures were modelled for the period 1989–1994, the models accounted only for the altitude gradient. Mean temperature was calculated by arithmetic mean of maximum and minimum temperatures maps in ArcGIS. ETo was estimated in ArcGIS following the method described by Hargreaves and Samani. The maps were made on a monthly basis for rainfall, ETo, and mean, maximum, and minimum temperatures. The obtained maps are useful for the purpose of agriculture, ecological, and water resources management. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 66 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Mmbando, G.A.; Kleyer, M. Mapping Precipitation, Temperature, and Evapotranspiration in the Mkomazi River Basin, Tanzania. Climate 2018, 6, 63.
Mmbando GA, Kleyer M. Mapping Precipitation, Temperature, and Evapotranspiration in the Mkomazi River Basin, Tanzania. Climate. 2018; 6(3):63.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mmbando, Godfrey A.; Kleyer, Michael. 2018. "Mapping Precipitation, Temperature, and Evapotranspiration in the Mkomazi River Basin, Tanzania." Climate 6, no. 3: 63.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.