Forecasted Changes in West Africa Photovoltaic Energy Output by 2045
AbstractThe impacts of climate change on photovoltaic (PV) output in the fifteen countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was analyzed in this paper. Using a set of eight climate models, the trends of solar radiation and temperature between 2006–2100 were examined. Assuming a lifetime of 40 years, the future changes of photovoltaic energy output for the tilted plane receptor compared to 2006–2015 were computed for the whole region. The results show that the trends of solar irradiation are negative except for the Irish Centre for High-End Computing model which predicts a positive trend with a maximum value of 0.17 W/m2/year for Cape Verde and the minimum of −0.06 W/m2/year for Liberia. The minimum of the negative trend is −0.18 W/m2/year predicted by the Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate (MIROC), developed at the University of Tokyo Center for Climate System Research for Cape Verde. Furthermore, temperature trends are positive with a maximum of 0.08 K/year predicted by MIROC for Niger and minimum of 0.03 K/year predicted by Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC), Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Climate Meteorology at Hamburg, French National Meteorological Research Center (CNRM) and Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (CCCMA) for Cape Verde. Photovolataic energy output changes show increasing trends in Sierra Leone with 0.013%/year as the maximum. Climate change will lead to a decreasing trend of PV output in the rest of the countries with a minimum of 0.032%/year in Niger. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Bazyomo, S.D.Y.B.; Agnidé Lawin, E.; Coulibaly, O.; Ouedraogo, A. Forecasted Changes in West Africa Photovoltaic Energy Output by 2045. Climate 2016, 4, 53.
Bazyomo SDYB, Agnidé Lawin E, Coulibaly O, Ouedraogo A. Forecasted Changes in West Africa Photovoltaic Energy Output by 2045. Climate. 2016; 4(4):53.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bazyomo, Serge Dimitri Yikwe Buri; Agnidé Lawin, Emmanuel; Coulibaly, Ousmane; Ouedraogo, Abdoulaye. 2016. "Forecasted Changes in West Africa Photovoltaic Energy Output by 2045." Climate 4, no. 4: 53.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.