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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Use of Class B LoRaWAN for the Coordination of Distributed Interface Protection Systems in Smart Grids

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Department of Information Engineering, University of Brescia, via Branze, 38, 25123 Brescia, Italy
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Unareti S.p.A., Via Alessandro Lamarmora, 230, 25124 Brescia, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2020, 9(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan9010013
Received: 13 December 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2020 / Accepted: 19 February 2020 / Published: 21 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensor and Actuator Networks: Feature Papers)
The adoption of the distributed generation paradigm is introducing several changes in the design and operation of modern distribution networks. Modern grid codes are becoming more and more complex, and the adoption of smart protection systems is becoming mandatory. However, the adoption of newer and smarter units is only half of the story. Proper communication networks must be provided as well, and the overall costs may become critical. In this work, the adoption of the Long-Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) technology is suggested as a viable approach to implement the coordination of Interface Protection Systems. A proper communication architecture based on the LoRaWAN Class B technology was proposed and evaluated in order to assess its feasibility for the considered application. A scalability analysis was carried out, by computing the number of devices that can be handled by a single LoRaWAN Gateway (GW) and the maximum expected time of response between a triggering event and the arrival of the related coordination command. The results of the study showed that up to 312 devices can be managed by a single GW, by assuring a maximum response time of 22.95 s. A faster maximum response time of 6.2 s is also possible by reducing the number of managed devices to 12. View Full-Text
Keywords: interface protection systems; LoRaWAN; LPWAN; distributed generation; smart grid interface protection systems; LoRaWAN; LPWAN; distributed generation; smart grid
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Pasetti, M.; Sisinni, E.; Ferrari, P.; Rinaldi, S.; Depari, A.; Bellagente, P.; Della Giustina, D.; Flammini, A. Evaluation of the Use of Class B LoRaWAN for the Coordination of Distributed Interface Protection Systems in Smart Grids. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2020, 9, 13.

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