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J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2018, 7(4), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan7040052

Networking of Multi-Robot Systems: Architectures and Requirements

1
Faculty of Engineering, Al Maaref University, Beirut 1600, Lebanon
2
Middleware Technologies Lab., Pittsburgh, PA 15057, USA
3
College of Science and Technology, Temple University, PA 19121, USA
4
Department of Engineering, Robert Morris University, Moon Township, PA 15108, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensor and Actuator Networks: Feature Papers 2018)
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Abstract

A large number of advancements have taken place in microprocessor-based systems leading to significantly more processing, memory, storage, sensing, actuating, recognition, controlling and communication capabilities. Robotics is one of the areas that have benefited a lot from these advancements. Many important and useful applications for single-robot and multi-robot systems (MRS) have emerged. Such applications include search and rescue, detection of forest fires, mining, construction, disaster management, and many more. MRS systems greatly enhance the capabilities and effectiveness of today’s robots. They extend the robotic system capabilities by increasing the ability to perform more complex tasks and allow performance of inherently distributed ones. In addition, they increase parallelism, enhance robustness, and improve system reliability. However, to perform their tasks in an effective manner, communication between the individual robots becomes an essential component. In this paper, we discuss the various types and architectures of MRS systems and focus on the networking issues, and services that are required to enable MRS systems to be more efficient in performing their roles in their respective applications. We also identify the similarities and differences between mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) and MRS systems, analyze robot-to-robot (R2R) and robot-to-infrastructure (R2I) communication links, and identify the protocols that can be used at the various levels in the MRS hierarchy. View Full-Text
Keywords: robots; multi-robot systems (MRS); multi-robot networks (MRNs); mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs); networking architectures; network protocols robots; multi-robot systems (MRS); multi-robot networks (MRNs); mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs); networking architectures; network protocols
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jawhar, I.; Mohamed, N.; Wu, J.; Al-Jaroodi, J. Networking of Multi-Robot Systems: Architectures and Requirements. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2018, 7, 52.

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