Chloroplast manganese transporter 1 (CMT1) and photosynthesis-affected mutant 71 (PAM71) are two membrane proteins that function sequentially to mediate the passage of manganese across the chloroplast envelope and the thylakoid membrane. CMT1 and PAM71 belong to a small five-member protein family in Arabidopsis thaliana
. The other three, photosynthesis-affected mutant 71 like 3 (PML3), PML4 and PML5 are not predicted to reside in chloroplast membranes. In this study, the subcellular localization of PML3:GFP, PML4:GFP and PML5:GFP was determined using transient and stable expression assays. PML3:GFP localizes to the Golgi apparatus, whereas PML4:GFP and PML5:GFP are found in the endoplasmic reticulum. We also examined patterns of PML3
promoter activity. Although the precise expression pattern of each promoter was unique, all three genes were expressed in the leaf vasculature and in roots. Greenhouse grown single mutants pml3
and the pml4/pml5
double mutant did not exhibit growth defects, however an inspection of the root growth revealed a difference between pml3
and the other genotypes, including wild-type, in 500 µM manganese growth conditions. Strikingly, overexpression of PML3 resulted in a stunted growth phenotype. Putative functions of PML3, PML4 and PML5 are discussed in light of what is known about PAM71 and CMT1.
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