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Open AccessArticle

Comparative Analysis between Wild and Cultivated Cucumbers Reveals Transcriptional Changes during Domestication Process

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Department of Botany & Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Zoology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(1), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9010063
Received: 17 November 2019 / Revised: 29 December 2019 / Accepted: 30 December 2019 / Published: 3 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolutionary Genomics)
The cultivated cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) was reported to have been developed from a wild cucumber (Cucumis hystrix Chakrav.), nevertheless, these two organisms exhibit noteworthy differences. For example, the wild cucumber is known for its high resistance to different biotic and abiotic stresses. Moreover, the leaves and fruits of the wild cucumber have a bitter taste compared to the cultivated cucumber. These differences could be attributed mainly to the differences in gene expression levels. In the present investigation, we analyzed the RNA-sequencing data to show the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the wild and cultivated cucumbers. The identified DEGs were further utilized for Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analysis and for identification of transcription factors and regulators. In the results, several enriched GO terms in the biological process, cellular component, and molecular functions categories were identified and various enriched pathways, especially the biosynthesis pathways of secondary products were recognized. Plant-specific transcription factor families were differentially expressed between the wild and cultivated cucumbers. The results obtained provide preliminary evidence for the transcriptional differences between the wild and cultivated cucumbers which developed during the domestication process as a result of natural and/or artificial selection, and they formulate the basis for future genetic research and improvement of the cultivated cucumber. View Full-Text
Keywords: transcriptomics; Cucumis sativus; transcription factors; gene ontology; evolutionary changes transcriptomics; Cucumis sativus; transcription factors; gene ontology; evolutionary changes
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Abdel-Salam, E.M.; Faisal, M.; Alatar, A.A.; Saquib, Q.; Alwathnani, H.A. Comparative Analysis between Wild and Cultivated Cucumbers Reveals Transcriptional Changes during Domestication Process. Plants 2020, 9, 63.

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