Next Article in Journal
Interaction between Bean and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides: Understanding Through a Biochemical Approach
Next Article in Special Issue
Deciphering the Genetic Architecture of Plant Height in Soybean Using Two RIL Populations Sharing a Common M8206 Parent
Previous Article in Journal
Genome-Wide Analysis and Expression Profiling of Rice Hybrid Proline-Rich Proteins in Response to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses, and Hormone Treatment
Previous Article in Special Issue
SNP and Haplotype-Based Genomic Selection of Quantitative Traits in Eucalyptus globulus
Open AccessReview

Sugarcane Omics: An Update on the Current Status of Research and Crop Improvement

1
National Engineering Research Center for Sugarcane, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab 32200, Pakistan
3
College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
4
Institute of Biotechnology, Ankara University, Ankara 06110, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2019, 8(9), 344; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8090344
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 12 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics for Plant Breeding)
Sugarcane is an important crop from Poaceae family, contributing about 80% of the total world’s sucrose with an annual value of around US$150 billion. In addition, sugarcane is utilized as a raw material for the production of bioethanol, which is an alternate source of renewable energy. Moving towards sugarcane omics, a remarkable success has been achieved in gene transfer from a wide variety of plant and non-plant sources to sugarcane, with the accessibility of efficient transformation systems, selectable marker genes, and genetic engineering gears. Genetic engineering techniques make possible to clone and characterize useful genes and also to improve commercially important traits in elite sugarcane clones that subsequently lead to the development of an ideal cultivar. Sugarcane is a complex polyploidy crop, and hence no single technique has been found to be the best for the confirmation of polygenic and phenotypic characteristics. To better understand the application of basic omics in sugarcane regarding agronomic characters and industrial quality traits as well as responses to diverse biotic and abiotic stresses, it is important to explore the physiology, genome structure, functional integrity, and collinearity of sugarcane with other more or less similar crops/plants. Genetic improvements in this crop are hampered by its complex genome, low fertility ratio, longer production cycle, and susceptibility to several biotic and abiotic stresses. Biotechnology interventions are expected to pave the way for addressing these obstacles and improving sugarcane crop. Thus, this review article highlights up to date information with respect to how advanced data of omics (genomics, transcriptomic, proteomics and metabolomics) can be employed to improve sugarcane crops. View Full-Text
Keywords: sugarcane; omics approaches; biotic and abiotic stresses; crop improvement and development sugarcane; omics approaches; biotic and abiotic stresses; crop improvement and development
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Ali, A.; Khan, M.; Sharif, R.; Mujtaba, M.; Gao, S.-J. Sugarcane Omics: An Update on the Current Status of Research and Crop Improvement. Plants 2019, 8, 344.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop