Phytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Copper Nanoparticles in Coriander (Coriandrum sativum—Apiaceae)
AbstractEngineered metal nanoparticles have been widely used in several applications that may lead to increased exposure to the environment. In this study, we assessed the phytotoxic effect of various concentrations of copper nanoparticles CuNP, (200, 400 and 800 mg/L) on coriander (Coriandrum sativum) plants grown hydroponically. C. sativum plants treated with CuNP demonstrated decreased biomass and root length in comparison to control untreated plants. Additionally, decreased levels of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a and b) were also seen in C. sativum plants treated with CuNP, as well as damage to the C. sativum root plasma membrane as demonstrated by Evan’s blue dye and increased electrolyte leakage. Moreover, our results exhibited increased levels of H2O2 and MDA on C. Sativum plants treated with CuNP. X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) analysis confirmed that C. sativum treated with CuNP accumulated the latter in plant root tissues. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis confirmed the genotoxic effect of CuNP, which altered the C. sativum genome. This was shown by the different banding pattern of RAPD. Overall, our results exhibited that CuNP is toxic to C. sativum plants. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
AlQuraidi, A.O.; Mosa, K.A.; Ramamoorthy, K. Phytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Copper Nanoparticles in Coriander (Coriandrum sativum—Apiaceae). Plants 2019, 8, 19.
AlQuraidi AO, Mosa KA, Ramamoorthy K. Phytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Copper Nanoparticles in Coriander (Coriandrum sativum—Apiaceae). Plants. 2019; 8(1):19.Chicago/Turabian Style
AlQuraidi, Alya O.; Mosa, Kareem A.; Ramamoorthy, Kalidoss. 2019. "Phytotoxic and Genotoxic Effects of Copper Nanoparticles in Coriander (Coriandrum sativum—Apiaceae)." Plants 8, no. 1: 19.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.