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Advancements in Root Growth Measurement Technologies and Observation Capabilities for Container-Grown Plants

Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7609, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Rujin Chen
Plants 2015, 4(3), 369-392;
Received: 16 April 2015 / Revised: 23 June 2015 / Accepted: 29 June 2015 / Published: 3 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Root Development)
The study, characterization, observation, and quantification of plant root growth and root systems (Rhizometrics) has been and remains an important area of research in all disciplines of plant science. In the horticultural industry, a large portion of the crops grown annually are grown in pot culture. Root growth is a critical component in overall plant performance during production in containers, and therefore it is important to understand the factors that influence and/or possible enhance it. Quantifying root growth has varied over the last several decades with each method of quantification changing in its reliability of measurement and variation among the results. Methods such as root drawings, pin boards, rhizotrons, and minirhizotrons initiated the aptitude to measure roots with field crops, and have been expanded to container-grown plants. However, many of the published research methods are monotonous and time-consuming. More recently, computer programs have increased in use as technology advances and measuring characteristics of root growth becomes easier. These programs are instrumental in analyzing various root growth characteristics, from root diameter and length of individual roots to branching angle and topological depth of the root architecture. This review delves into the expanding technologies involved with expertly measuring root growth of plants in containers, and the advantages and disadvantages that remain. View Full-Text
Keywords: container production; rhizometrics; rhizosphere; root systems container production; rhizometrics; rhizosphere; root systems
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Judd, L.A.; Jackson, B.E.; Fonteno, W.C. Advancements in Root Growth Measurement Technologies and Observation Capabilities for Container-Grown Plants. Plants 2015, 4, 369-392.

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