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Agronomic Practices and Performances of Quinoa under Field Conditions: A Systematic Review

Quinoa in Ecuador: Recent Advances under Global Expansion

Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED), University of Amsterdam, 1098XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Comité Europeo Para la Formación y la Agricultura (CEFA), Guayas 22-46 y Venezuela, Lago Agrio EC210105, Ecuador
Facultad de Recursos Naturales, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo, Panamericana Sur km 1 1/2, Riobamba EC060155, Ecuador
Grupo de Desarrollo de Tecnologías para la Reducción y Racionalización de Agroquímicos, Riobamba EC060155, Ecuador
Facultad de Ciencias Pecuarias, Carrera de Ingeniería Agropecuaria, Universidad Técnica Estatal de Quevedo-(UTEQ), km 7 ½ vía Quevedo–El Empalme, Mocache, Los Ríos EC120509, Ecuador
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias Estación Experimental Santa Catalina, Panamericana Sur Km 1, Quito EC171107, Ecuador
Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Central del Ecuador, Jerónimo Leiton s/n y Av. La Gasca, Quito EC170521, Ecuador
Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Recursos Naturales y del Ambiente, Campus Laguacoto II, Universidad Estatal de Bolívar, Vía Guaranda a San Simón, Guaranda EC020150, Ecuador
Asociación de Productores de Semilla y Alimentos Nutricionales Andinos-Mushuk Yuyay (APROSANAMY), Cañar EC030304, Ecuador
Sustainable Seed Systems Lab, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, College of Agricultural, Human, and Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6420, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Cataldo Pulvento and Veronica De Micco
Plants 2021, 10(2), 298;
Received: 1 January 2021 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 1 February 2021 / Published: 4 February 2021
Quinoa is a highly diverse crop domesticated in the Andean region of South America with broad adaptation to a wide range of marginal environments. Quinoa has garnered interest worldwide due to its nutritional and health benefits. Over the last decade, quinoa production has expanded outside of the Andean region, prompting multiple studies investigating the potential for quinoa cultivation in novel environments. Currently, quinoa is grown in countries spanning five continents, including North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Oceania. Here, we update the advances of quinoa research in Ecuador across different topics, including (a) current quinoa production situation with a focus on breeding progress, (b) traditional seed production, and (c) the impact of the work of the nongovernment organization “European Committee for Training and Agriculture” with quinoa farmers in Chimborazo province. Additionally, we discuss genetic diversity, primary pests and diseases, actions for adapting quinoa to tropical areas, and recent innovations in quinoa processing in Ecuador. Finally, we report a case study describing a participatory breeding project between Washington State University and the Association of Andean Seed and Nutritional Food Producers Mushuk Yuyay in the province of Cañar. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chenopodium quinoa; quinoa production; participatory plant breeding; quinoa processing Chenopodium quinoa; quinoa production; participatory plant breeding; quinoa processing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hinojosa, L.; Leguizamo, A.; Carpio, C.; Muñoz, D.; Mestanza, C.; Ochoa, J.; Castillo, C.; Murillo, A.; Villacréz, E.; Monar, C.; Pichazaca, N.; Murphy, K. Quinoa in Ecuador: Recent Advances under Global Expansion. Plants 2021, 10, 298.

AMA Style

Hinojosa L, Leguizamo A, Carpio C, Muñoz D, Mestanza C, Ochoa J, Castillo C, Murillo A, Villacréz E, Monar C, Pichazaca N, Murphy K. Quinoa in Ecuador: Recent Advances under Global Expansion. Plants. 2021; 10(2):298.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hinojosa, Leonardo, Alex Leguizamo, Carlos Carpio, Diego Muñoz, Camilo Mestanza, José Ochoa, Carmen Castillo, Angel Murillo, Elena Villacréz, Carlos Monar, Nicolas Pichazaca, and Kevin Murphy. 2021. "Quinoa in Ecuador: Recent Advances under Global Expansion" Plants 10, no. 2: 298.

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