Next Article in Journal
Toxicity of meta-Tyrosine
Previous Article in Journal
The Modulation of Nrf-2/HO-1 Signaling Axis by Carthamus tinctorius L. Alleviates Vascular Inflammation in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Article

Usefulness of Tree Species as Urban Health Indicators

1
Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Department of Physical Geography and Geoinformatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
3
MTA-DE Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Research Group, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Piotr Dąbrowski, Aneta Helena Baczewska-Dąbrowska, Tomasz Gnatowski, Marcin J. Małuszyński, Grażyna Mastalerczuk and Bogumiła Pawluśkiewicz
Plants 2021, 10(12), 2797; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122797
Received: 31 October 2021 / Revised: 13 December 2021 / Accepted: 14 December 2021 / Published: 17 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plants in Built-Up Areas)
We used the Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI), the amount of PM5 and PM10, and the elemental analysis of leaves to explore the sensitivity of tree species to air pollution. We assessed the tolerance of Robinia pseudoacacia, Acer saccharinum, Tilia × europaea, Acer platanoides, Fraxinus excelsior, Betula pendula, Celtis occidentalis, and Platanus × acerifolia to the amount of dust, APTI, and the elemental concentration of leaves. Leaves were collected in Debrecen (Hungary), which has a high intensity of vehicular traffic. The highest amount of PM (both PM10 and PM5) was found on the leaves of A. saccharinum and B. pendula. Our results demonstrated that A. saccharinum was moderately tolerant, while P. acerifolia was intermediate, based on the APTI value. There was a significant difference in the parameters of APTI and the elemental concentration of leaves among species. We found that tree leaves are reliable bioindicators of air pollution in urban areas. Based on the value of APTI, A. saccharinum and P. acerifolia, and based on PM, A. saccharinum and B. pendula are recommended as pollutant-accumulator species, while other studied species with lower APTI values are useful bioindicators of air pollution. The results support landscape engineers and urban developers in finding the best tree species that are tolerant to pollution and in using those as proxies of urban environmental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanisation; metals; plants; air pollution; ICP-OES; environmental health urbanisation; metals; plants; air pollution; ICP-OES; environmental health
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Simon, E.; Molnár, V.É.; Lajtos, D.; Bibi, D.; Tóthmérész, B.; Szabó, S. Usefulness of Tree Species as Urban Health Indicators. Plants 2021, 10, 2797. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122797

AMA Style

Simon E, Molnár VÉ, Lajtos D, Bibi D, Tóthmérész B, Szabó S. Usefulness of Tree Species as Urban Health Indicators. Plants. 2021; 10(12):2797. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122797

Chicago/Turabian Style

Simon, Edina, Vanda É. Molnár, Domonkos Lajtos, Dina Bibi, Béla Tóthmérész, and Szilárd Szabó. 2021. "Usefulness of Tree Species as Urban Health Indicators" Plants 10, no. 12: 2797. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122797

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop