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Review

Nano-Enabled Products: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Agriculture

1
Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, 344090 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
2
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut 250110, India
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Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India
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The Smart Materials Research Institute, Southern Federal University, 344090 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
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Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia
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Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning 530007, China
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Centre for Protected Cultivation, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India
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Pusa Campus, ICAR-National Institute for Plant Biotechnology (NIPB), New Delhi 110012, India
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Department of Environmental Science, V.B.S. Purvanhal University, Jaunpur 222003, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Per Kudsk
Plants 2021, 10(12), 2727; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122727
Received: 11 November 2021 / Revised: 8 December 2021 / Accepted: 8 December 2021 / Published: 11 December 2021
Nanotechnology has gained popularity in recent years owing to its established potential for application and implementation in various sectors such as medical drugs, medicine, catalysis, energy, material, and plant science. Nanoparticles (NPs) are smaller in size (1–100 nm) with a larger surface area and have many fruitful applications. The extraordinary functions of NPs are utilized in sustainable agriculture due to nano-enabled products, e.g., nano-insecticides, nano-pesticides, and nano-fertilizers. Nanoparticles have lately been suggested as an alternate method for controlling plant pests such as insects, fungi, and weeds. Several NPs exhibit antimicrobial properties considered in food packaging processes; for example, Ag-NPs are commonly used for such purposes. Apart from their antimicrobial properties, NPs such as Si, Ag, Fe, Cu, Al, Zn, ZnO, TiO2, CeO2, Al2O3, and carbon nanotubes have also been demonstrated to have negative impacts on plant growth and development. This review examines the field-use of nano-enabled products in sustainable agriculture, future perspectives, and growing environmental concerns. The remarkable information on commercialized nano-enabled products used in the agriculture and allied sectors are also provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanotechnology; nano-insecticide; nano-fertilizer; nano-pesticide; health risk; soil; plant nanotechnology; nano-insecticide; nano-fertilizer; nano-pesticide; health risk; soil; plant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rajput, V.D.; Singh, A.; Minkina, T.; Rawat, S.; Mandzhieva, S.; Sushkova, S.; Shuvaeva, V.; Nazarenko, O.; Rajput, P.; Komariah; Verma, K.K.; Singh, A.K.; Rao, M.; Upadhyay, S.K. Nano-Enabled Products: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Agriculture. Plants 2021, 10, 2727. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122727

AMA Style

Rajput VD, Singh A, Minkina T, Rawat S, Mandzhieva S, Sushkova S, Shuvaeva V, Nazarenko O, Rajput P, Komariah, Verma KK, Singh AK, Rao M, Upadhyay SK. Nano-Enabled Products: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Agriculture. Plants. 2021; 10(12):2727. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122727

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rajput, Vishnu D., Abhishek Singh, Tatiana Minkina, Sapna Rawat, Saglara Mandzhieva, Svetlana Sushkova, Victoria Shuvaeva, Olga Nazarenko, Priyadarshani Rajput, Komariah, Krishan K. Verma, Awani K. Singh, Mahesh Rao, and Sudhir K. Upadhyay. 2021. "Nano-Enabled Products: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Agriculture" Plants 10, no. 12: 2727. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122727

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