Next Article in Journal
An Optimized Protein Extraction Method for Gel-Free Proteomic Analysis of Opuntia Ficus-Indica
Next Article in Special Issue
Bryo-Activities: A Review on How Bryophytes Are Contributing to the Arsenal of Natural Bioactive Compounds against Fungi
Previous Article in Journal
Wheat, Rye, and Barley Genomes Can Associate during Meiosis in Newly Synthesized Trigeneric Hybrids
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Extracts of Cinnamon and Clove as Potential Biofungicides against Strawberry Grey Mould
Article

The Use of Essential Oils from Thyme, Sage and Peppermint against Colletotrichum acutatum

Laboratory of Plant Protection, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Institute of Horticulture, LT-54333 Babtai, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2021, 10(1), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010114
Received: 11 December 2020 / Revised: 3 January 2021 / Accepted: 3 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
The Colletotrichum spp. is a significant strawberry pathogen causing yield losses of up to 50%. The most common method to control plant diseases is through the use of chemical fungicides. The findings of plants antimicrobial activities, low toxicity, and biodegradability of essential oils (EO), make them suitable for biological protection against fungal pathogens. The aim is to evaluate the inhibition of Colletotrichum acutatum by thyme, sage, and peppermint EO in vitro on detached strawberry leaves and determine EO chemical composition. Our results revealed that the dominant compound of thyme was thymol 41.35%, peppermint: menthone 44.56%, sage: α,β-thujone 34.45%, and camphor: 20.46%. Thyme EO inhibited C. acutatum completely above 200 μL L−1 concentration in vitro. Peppermint and sage EO reduced mycelial growth of C. acutatum. In addition, in vitro, results are promising for biological control. The detached strawberry leaves experiments showed that disease reduction 4 days after inoculation was 15.8% at 1000 μL L−1 of peppermint EO and 5.3% at 800 μL L−1 of thyme compared with control. Our findings could potentially help to manage C. acutatum; however, the detached strawberry leaves assay showed that EO efficacy was relatively low on tested concentrations and should be increased. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocontrol; chemical composition; inhibition; Mentha piperita; Salvia officinalis; Thymus vulgaris biocontrol; chemical composition; inhibition; Mentha piperita; Salvia officinalis; Thymus vulgaris
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Morkeliūnė, A.; Rasiukevičiūtė, N.; Šernaitė, L.; Valiuškaitė, A. The Use of Essential Oils from Thyme, Sage and Peppermint against Colletotrichum acutatum. Plants 2021, 10, 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010114

AMA Style

Morkeliūnė A, Rasiukevičiūtė N, Šernaitė L, Valiuškaitė A. The Use of Essential Oils from Thyme, Sage and Peppermint against Colletotrichum acutatum. Plants. 2021; 10(1):114. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010114

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morkeliūnė, Armina, Neringa Rasiukevičiūtė, Lina Šernaitė, and Alma Valiuškaitė. 2021. "The Use of Essential Oils from Thyme, Sage and Peppermint against Colletotrichum acutatum" Plants 10, no. 1: 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010114

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop