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Spatial Dimension of Unemployment: Space-Time Analysis Using Real-Time Accessibility in Czechia

Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science, Charles University, 128 43 Prague, Czech Republic
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(6), 401; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9060401
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 13 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 18 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spationomy—Spatial Exploration of Economic Data)
This paper focuses on the analysis of unemployment data in Czechia on a very detailed spatial structure and yearly, extended time series (2002–2019). The main goal of the study was to examine the spatial dimension of disparities in regional unemployment and its evolutionary tendencies on a municipal level. To achieve this goal, global and local spatial autocorrelation methods were used. Besides spatial and space-time analyses, special attention was given to spatial weight matrix selection. The spatial weights were created according to real-time accessibilities between the municipalities based on the Czech road network. The results of spatial autocorrelation analyses based on network spatial weights were compared to the traditional distance-based spatial weights. Despite significant methodological differences between applied spatial weights, the resulting spatial pattern of unemployment proved to be very similar. Empirically, relative stability of spatial patterns of unemployment with only slow shift of differentiation from macro- to microlevels could be observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: socioeconomic disparities; unemployment; Czechia; space–time analysis; real-time accessibility; spatial weights socioeconomic disparities; unemployment; Czechia; space–time analysis; real-time accessibility; spatial weights
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Netrdová, P.; Nosek, V. Spatial Dimension of Unemployment: Space-Time Analysis Using Real-Time Accessibility in Czechia. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 401.

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