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Toward the Evolution of National Spatial Data Infrastructure Development in Indonesia

Badan Informasi Geospasial, Jalan Raya Jakarta Bogor km. 46, Cibinong, Kabupaten Bogor 16911, Indonesia
Department of Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(6), 263;
Received: 11 April 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 5 June 2019
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Over the last 25 years, the potential benefits of sharing and reusing geographic information for national development programs have led many countries to establish their own national spatial data infrastructure (NSDI). Indonesia is among the early adopters; however, despite its early introduction of NSDI concepts, the implementation has encountered some difficulties. The main objective of this study is to understand the evolution of NSDI development in Indonesia and then develop strategic directions for future implementation. We first characterized periods of current NSDI development based on the use of technology and identified problems that have occurred. To understand the problems’ causes, we conducted a stakeholder analysis utilizing questionnaire surveys. In addition, we analyzed cost components allocated for NSDI operation. The results showed that stakeholders’ low participation was caused by insufficient technological, financial, and human resources to manage geographic information. Subsequently, a strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-threats analysis was conducted to determine proposed directions of the institutional and technical aspects. This research provides the framework for analyzing NSDI evolution in one country—Indonesia. The proposed directions can be applied in other countries to ensure effective NSDI development and implementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial data infrastructure; NSDI; stakeholder analysis; cost analysis; SWOT spatial data infrastructure; NSDI; stakeholder analysis; cost analysis; SWOT

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Putra, T.Y.D.; Sekimoto, Y.; Shibasaki, R. Toward the Evolution of National Spatial Data Infrastructure Development in Indonesia. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 263.

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