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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(3), 136; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8030136

A Citizen-Sensing-Based Digital Service for the Analysis of On-Site Post-Earthquake Messages

1
Department of Industrial and Information Engineering and Economics, University of L’Aquila, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
2
Department of Information Engineering, Computer Science and Mathematics, University of L’Aquila, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 February 2019 / Revised: 3 March 2019 / Accepted: 4 March 2019 / Published: 8 March 2019
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Abstract

The effectiveness of disaster response depends on the correctness and timeliness of data regarding the location and the impact of the event. These two issues are critical when the data come from citizens’ tweets, since the automatic classification of disaster-related tweets suffers from many shortcomings. In this paper, we explore an approach based on participatory sensing (i.e., a subset of mobile crowdsourcing that emphasizes the active and intentional participation of citizens to collect data from the place where they live or work). We operate with the hypothesis of a “friendly world”, that is by assuming that after a calamitous event, in the survivors prevails the feeling of helping those who suffer. The extraction, from the Twitter repository, of the few tweets relevant to the event of interest has a long processing time. With the aggravating circumstance in the phase that follows a severe earthquake, the elaboration of tweets clashes with the need to act promptly. Our proposal allows a huge reduction of the processing time. This goal is reached by introducing a service and a mobile app, the latter is an intermediate tool between Twitter and the citizens, suitable to assist them to write structured messages that act as surrogates of tweets. The article describes the architecture of the software service and the steps involved in the retrieval, from the Twitter server, of the messages coming from citizens living in the places hit by the earthquake; moreover, it details the storage of those messages into a geographical database and their processing using SQL. View Full-Text
Keywords: participatory sensing; Twitter; earthquake; asset; infrastructure; ranking participatory sensing; Twitter; earthquake; asset; infrastructure; ranking
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Di Felice, P.; Iessi, M. A Citizen-Sensing-Based Digital Service for the Analysis of On-Site Post-Earthquake Messages. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 136.

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