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Open AccessArticle

Recovering Human Motion Patterns from Passive Infrared Sensors: A Geometric-Algebra Based Generation-Template-Matching Approach

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Key Laboratory of VGE (Ministry of Education), Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
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State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province), Nanjing 210023, China
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Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
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Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology/Co-Innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(12), 554; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8120554
Received: 21 October 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 2 December 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
The low-cost, indoor-feasibility, and non-intrusive characteristic of passive infrared sensors (PIR sensors) makes it widely used in human motion detection, but the limitation of its object identification ability makes it difficult to further analyze in the field of Geographic Information System (GIS). We present a template matching approach based on geometric algebra (GA) that can recover the semantics of different human motion patterns through the binary activation data of PIR sensor networks. A 5-neighborhood model was first designed to represent the azimuth of the sensor network and establish the motion template generation method based on GA coding. Full sets of 36 human motion templates were generated and then classified into eight categories. According to human behavior characteristics, we combined the sub-sequences of activation data to generate all possible semantic sequences by using a matrix-free searching strategy with a spatiotemporal constraint window. The sub-sequences were used to perform the matching operation with the generation-templates. Experiments were conducted using Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories (MERL) motion datasets. The results suggest that the sequences of human motion patterns could be efficiently extracted in different observation periods. The extracted sequences of human motion patterns agreed well with the event logs under various circumstances. The verification based on the environment and architectural space shows that the accuracy of the result of our method was up to 96.75%.
Keywords: spatio-temporal analysis; human motion reconstruction; passive infrared sensor network; geometric algebra; generation-template-matching; MERL motion sensor spatio-temporal analysis; human motion reconstruction; passive infrared sensor network; geometric algebra; generation-template-matching; MERL motion sensor
MDPI and ACS Style

Xiao, S.; Yuan, L.; Luo, W.; Li, D.; Zhou, C.; Yu, Z. Recovering Human Motion Patterns from Passive Infrared Sensors: A Geometric-Algebra Based Generation-Template-Matching Approach. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 554.

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