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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8010022

Investigating the Utility Potential of Low-Cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in the Temporal Monitoring of a Landfill

1
Department of Geomatics Engineering, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tasliciftlik, Tokat 60150, Turkey
2
Department of Geomatics Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul 34469, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 November 2018 / Revised: 28 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 11 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications and Potential of UAV Photogrammetric Survey)
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Abstract

The collection of solid waste is a challenging issue, especially in highly urbanized areas. In developing countries, landfilling is currently the preferred method for disposing of solid waste, but each landfill has a limited lifecycle. Therefore, changes in the amount of stored waste should be monitored for the sustainable management of such areas. In this study, volumetric changes in a landfill were examined using a low-cost unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Aerial photographs obtained from five different flights, covering approximately two years, were used in the volume calculations. Values representing the amount of remaining space between the solid waste and a reference plane were determined using digital elevation models, which were produced based on the structure from motion (SfM) approach. The obtained results and potential of UAVs in the photogrammetric survey of a landfill were further evaluated and interpreted by considering other possible techniques, ongoing progress, and the information existing in an environmental impact assessment report. As a result of the study, it was proved that SfM carried out using a low-cost UAV has a high potential for use in the reconstruction of a landfill. Outcomes were obtained over a short period, without the need for direct contact with the solid waste, making the UAV preferable for use in planning and decision-making studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfill; compacting; UAV; volume; open dumping; photogrammetry; SfM landfill; compacting; UAV; volume; open dumping; photogrammetry; SfM
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Incekara, A.H.; Delen, A.; Seker, D.Z.; Goksel, C. Investigating the Utility Potential of Low-Cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in the Temporal Monitoring of a Landfill. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 22.

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