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Open AccessArticle

Susceptibility to Translational Slide-Type Landslides: Applicability of the Main Scarp Upper Edge as a Dependent Variable Representation by Reduced Chi-Square Analysis

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Pisa, Via S. Maria 53, 56126 Pisa, Italy
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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(9), 336; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7090336
Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 6 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
The applicability of main scarp upper edge (MSUE) as dependent variable representation was performed in a translational slide susceptibility zonation of the Milia and Roglio basins, Italy. Two landslide inventories were built thanks to detailed geomorphological mapping and aerial photograph analysis. The landslides were used to create the models before 1975, while those after 1975 were employed to validate the predictive power of the model. Possible landslide-related factors were chosen from a geomorphological survey. The inventory landslide maps and the landslide-related factor maps were processed by conditional analysis, producing landslide susceptibility maps with five susceptibility classes. A comparison between the distribution of landslides after 1975 and those derived from models provided the predictive power of each model, which in turn was used to define the best predictive model. Reduced chi-square analysis allowed to define the efficiency of MSUE as dependent variable representation. MSUE can be applied as dependent variable representation to landslide susceptibility zonation with appreciable results. In the Roglio basin, slope angle, distance from streams, and from tectonic lineaments proved to be the main controlling factors of translational slides, whereas in the Milia basin, lithology and slope angle gave more satisfactory results as landslide-predisposing factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: landslide susceptibility; conditional analysis; predictive power; Italy landslide susceptibility; conditional analysis; predictive power; Italy
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Capitani, M.; Ribolini, A.; Bini, M. Susceptibility to Translational Slide-Type Landslides: Applicability of the Main Scarp Upper Edge as a Dependent Variable Representation by Reduced Chi-Square Analysis. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 336.

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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., EISSN 2220-9964, Published by MDPI AG
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