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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(7), 278; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7070278

The Impact of the Parameterisation of Physiographic Features of Urbanised Catchment Areas on the Spatial Distribution of Components of the Water Balance Using the WetSpass Model

Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences, Institute of Physical Geography and Environmental Planning, Department of Hydrology and Water Management, Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań, Bogumiła Krygowskiego 10 Str., 61-680 Poznan, Poland
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Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 19 July 2018 / Published: 21 July 2018
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Abstract

An analysis was conducted of the activity of individual homogeneous Hydrological Response Units (HRUs) and their impact on the components of the spatially distributed water balance based on the example of two urbanised catchments of the city of Poznań (Western Poland). Water balance was developed using the WetSpass model and GIS spatial data, based on hydrometeorological data from the reference period of 1961–2000 including projected land usage changes and precipitation changes expected by 2025 in the city. The catchments were parameterised with reference to land usage, soil permeability, terrain declivities and the level of groundwater waters in summer and winter. The dependence between HRUs and their impact on components of the water balance was determined. Water balance forecasts have shown two-way changes in the components of approximately 12% of the catchments. A significant increase of surface runoff (an increase of 20–30 mm/HRU) at the expense of effective infiltration reduction (by 15–20 mm/HRU) was determined for arable land intended for development. An increase of infiltration and evapotranspiration at the expense of the surface runoff reduction is forecast for areas designed for urban afforestation. The tendency of increase of atmospheric precipitation within the city until 2025 was indicated by changes in the water balance components. Changes in the landscape resulting from urban expansion may lead to detrimental hydrological effects: accumulation of surface runoffs and occurrence of local flash flooding, as confirmed by the simulations carried out using the WetSpass model. The results may contribute to a more accurate understanding of the impact of urban landscape modification patterns on the water balance at the regional and local scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: water balance; WetSpass model; Hydrological Response Unit; urbanised catchment; spatial development; forecast water balance; WetSpass model; Hydrological Response Unit; urbanised catchment; spatial development; forecast
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Graf, R.; Jawgiel, K. The Impact of the Parameterisation of Physiographic Features of Urbanised Catchment Areas on the Spatial Distribution of Components of the Water Balance Using the WetSpass Model. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 278.

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