Next Article in Journal
Vehicle Object Detection in Remote Sensing Imagery Based on Multi-Perspective Convolutional Neural Network
Next Article in Special Issue
An Object-Based Image Analysis Workflow for Monitoring Shallow-Water Aquatic Vegetation in Multispectral Drone Imagery
Previous Article in Journal
Distribution Pattern of Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) Dens and Spatial Relationships with Sea Turtle Nests, Recreation, and Environmental Characteristics
Previous Article in Special Issue
Benchmarking the Applicability of Ontology in Geographic Object-Based Image Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Spatial Characterization and Mapping of Gated Communities

Remote Sensing Laboratory—Department of Geography, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-000, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(7), 248;
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 11 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 25 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue GEOBIA in a Changing World)
PDF [7729 KB, uploaded 25 June 2018]


The increase in gated communities is the most important recent urban phenomenon in Latin America. This article proposes a methodology to identify the morphological features and spatial characteristics of gated communities to map them based on the land cover map and the quality of life index. The importance of this proposal is related to the fact that there are no official statistics on gated communities in most Latin American countries. The proposal was tested in Marília, a medium-sized city in southeastern Brazil. Geographic object-based image analysis with high-resolution satellite images and 2010 demographic census variables were used to support the research procedures. The accuracy of the output was 83.3%. It was found that there is a positive correlation between the quality of life index and the occurrence of high-standard gated communities (golden ghettos). They were mainly identified by the following land cover classes: white painted concrete slabs/light-colored roof tiles, and the existence of pavement, pools, and herbaceous vegetation. In addition to mapping the gated communities, it was possible to classify them according to the categories proposed in the literature (golden ghettos and lifestyle gated communities). View Full-Text
Keywords: gated communities; quality of life index; land coverage; geographic object-based image analysis gated communities; quality of life index; land coverage; geographic object-based image analysis

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Silva de Araujo, A.; Pereira de Queiroz, A. Spatial Characterization and Mapping of Gated Communities. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 248.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. EISSN 2220-9964 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top