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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(6), 228; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7060228

Advanced Sidereal Filtering for Mitigating Multipath Effects in GNSS Short Baseline Positioning

1
College of Surveying and Geo-informatics, TongJi University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Engineering Center of SHMEC for Space Information and GNSS, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
3
Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2018 / Revised: 1 June 2018 / Accepted: 18 June 2018 / Published: 20 June 2018
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Abstract

Advanced sidereal filtering (ASF) is an observation-domain sidereal filtering that adopts the repeat time of each individual satellite separately rather than the mean repeat time, adopted by the modified sidereal filtering (MSF). To evaluate the performance of ASF, we apply the method to filter the multipath for a short baseline based on a dual-antenna Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver. The errors from satellite and receiver clocks, satellite orbit, troposphere, ionosphere, and antenna phase center variations are greatly eliminated by single difference between the two antennas because they are connected to the same receiver clock. The performances of ASF are compared with MSF to evaluate the gain for multipath mitigation. Comparisons indicate that ASF slightly outperforms MSF when the repeat time values of all satellites incorporated in data processing are within the normal range (86,145–86,165 s), but the difference of variance reduction rate between ASF and MSF is statistically significant. When the data of a satellite with repeat time outside the normal range are included, the performances of MSF become much worse, but ASF is almost not affected. This advantage of ASF over MSF is important because the proportion of the days on which at least one satellite’s repeat time exceeds the normal range reaches 71.19% based on the statistics on the data of 2014 and 2015. After applying ASF multipath corrections on the test days, the averages of standard deviations of north, east, and up component are reduced from 3.8 to 2.1 mm, 3.2 to 1.7 mm, and 7.6 to 4.3 mm, respectively. Comparison between applying ASF with the single-day model and with the seven-day model indicates that the former is generally more effective in multipath reduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: GNSS; multipath mitigation; dual-antenna GNSS receiver; single difference; advanced sidereal filtering; modified sidereal filtering; satellite repeat time GNSS; multipath mitigation; dual-antenna GNSS receiver; single difference; advanced sidereal filtering; modified sidereal filtering; satellite repeat time
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, M.; Wang, J.; Dong, D.; Chen, W.; Li, H.; Wang, Z. Advanced Sidereal Filtering for Mitigating Multipath Effects in GNSS Short Baseline Positioning. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 228.

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