Next Article in Journal
Investigating the Influences of Tree Coverage and Road Density on Property Crime
Previous Article in Journal
Extraction of Tourist Destinations and Comparative Analysis of Preferences Between Foreign Tourists and Domestic Tourists on the Basis of Geotagged Social Media Data
Open AccessArticle

Do Charitable Foundations Spend Money Where People Need It Most? A Spatial Analysis of China

by 1,* and 2,*
1
Australasian Joint Research Centre for Building Information Modelling, School of Built Environment, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
2
George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(3), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7030100
Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 8 March 2018 / Accepted: 12 March 2018 / Published: 14 March 2018
Charitable foundations are a critical part of public services. However, there is a large gap between the locations and expenditures of charitable foundations and the real population needs for most nations. Three types of Chinese local charity foundations, i.e., those for poverty, education and medical assistance, are used as examples to explore the distinct gaps. The spatial distributions of local charity foundations are characterized by spatial scan statistics and spatial autocorrelation models. The local population needs of charitable assistance for poverty, education and medical services are quantified with their respective weighted proxy indexes of the current conditions. Thus, the nonlinear relationships between population needs and the expenditures of local charitable foundations are described with generalized additive models. The results show that both the participation rate and the charity expenditures of the foundations are highly clustered within a few cities where the population needs are relatively small and are furthermore rare among the other cities. The charity expenditures of local foundations are nonlinearly correlated with the current conditions of socioeconomic development, education and medical levels due to the diverse development stages of the cities. This study provides quantitative evidence for local authorities and charitable foundations to make targeted and constructive decisions to gradually reduce the distinct gaps. View Full-Text
Keywords: social science; charitable foundations; NGOs; spatial analysis; spatial autocorrelation; spatial scan statistics; generalized additive model social science; charitable foundations; NGOs; spatial analysis; spatial autocorrelation; spatial scan statistics; generalized additive model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Song, Y.; Fu, L. Do Charitable Foundations Spend Money Where People Need It Most? A Spatial Analysis of China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 100.

AMA Style

Song Y, Fu L. Do Charitable Foundations Spend Money Where People Need It Most? A Spatial Analysis of China. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2018; 7(3):100.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Yongze; Fu, Linyun. 2018. "Do Charitable Foundations Spend Money Where People Need It Most? A Spatial Analysis of China" ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 7, no. 3: 100.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop