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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(11), 437; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7110437

The Elephant in the Room: Informality in Tanzania’s Rural Waterscape

1
Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. BOX 35042, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2
Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Geo-Information Management, ITC Faculty, University of Twente, Hengelosestraat 99, 7514 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 September 2018 / Revised: 15 October 2018 / Accepted: 27 October 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geo-Information and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs))
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Abstract

Informality is pervasive in Tanzania’s rural waterscape, but not acknowledged by development partners (donors and beneficiaries), despite persistent warnings by development scholars. Informality is thus the proverbial elephant in the room. In this paper, we examine a case of superior rural water access in two geographical locales—Hai and Siha districts—in Tanzania, where actors not only acknowledge, but actively harness informality to provide access to water to rural populations. We employ concepts from organization and institutional theory to show that when informal programs and related informal sanctions/rewards complement their formal counterparts, chances for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) target 6.1 ‘By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all’ are significantly increased. View Full-Text
Keywords: informality; formality; programs; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); SDG Target 6.1; rural water supply; Community Based Management (CBM); sustainability informality; formality; programs; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); SDG Target 6.1; rural water supply; Community Based Management (CBM); sustainability
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Katomero, J.; Georgiadou, Y. The Elephant in the Room: Informality in Tanzania’s Rural Waterscape. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 437.

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