Ecological Network Construction Based on Minimum Cumulative Resistance for the City of Nanjing, China
AbstractWith economic growth and the improvement of the urbanization level, human activities have constantly interfered with landscape patterns, resulting in serious threats to regional ecological security. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the evolution and optimization of the landscape patterns. Based on three TM images from 1990, 2000, and 2010, and selected landscape pattern indexes, the changes in the landscape pattern of Nanjing in the past twenty years were studied based on landscape ecology theory using Remote Sensing (RS) and a Geographical Information System (GIS). The ecological network was built on the basis of extracted ecological nodes and the minimum cumulative resistance. The results show that changes in the landscape pattern of the city of Nanjing were notable. Class-level indexes indicate that the farmland landscape area decreased and the degree of patch fragmentation increased. The construction land area increased, and it tended to show dispersed distribution. The proportion of forest land increased and the shape of patches became more complex. The proportion of water firstly showed a decrease, followed by an increase, and the shape of the water became more regular. Landscape-level indexes indicate that biological diversity and the degree of fragmentation increased. Spatial heterogeneity of the natural landscape increased, and the patch shape of each landscape type developed similarly. The results also call for stepping-stones to enhance the connectivity and optimization of the ecological network, which will help improve ecological services and improve the landscape pattern of the city. View Full-Text
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Dong, J.; Dai, W.; Shao, G.; Xu, J. Ecological Network Construction Based on Minimum Cumulative Resistance for the City of Nanjing, China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 2045-2060.
Dong J, Dai W, Shao G, Xu J. Ecological Network Construction Based on Minimum Cumulative Resistance for the City of Nanjing, China. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2015; 4(4):2045-2060.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dong, Jihong; Dai, Wenting; Shao, Guoquan; Xu, Jiren. 2015. "Ecological Network Construction Based on Minimum Cumulative Resistance for the City of Nanjing, China." ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 4, no. 4: 2045-2060.