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Simulating and Communicating Outcomes in Disaster Management Situations

Department of Geography, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus 91900, Israel
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Academic Editors: Christoph Aubrecht and Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(4), 1827-1847; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi4041827
Received: 8 April 2015 / Revised: 24 August 2015 / Accepted: 11 September 2015 / Published: 24 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoinformation for Disaster Risk Management)
An important, but overlooked component of disaster managment is raising the awareness and preparedness of potential stakeholders. We show how recent advances in agent-based modeling and geo-information analytics can be combined to this effect. Using a dynamic simulation model, we estimate the long run outcomes of two very different urban disasters with severe consequences: an earthquake and a missile attack. These differ in terms of duration, intensity, permanence, and focal points. These hypothetical shocks are simulated for the downtown area of Jerusalem. Outcomes are compared in terms of their potential for disaster mitigation. The spatial and temporal dynamics of the simulation yield rich outputs. Web-based mapping is used to visualize these results and communicate risk to policy makers, planners, and the informed public. The components and design of this application are described. Implications for participatory disaster management and planning are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: agent based modeling; Web GIS; spatial computing; hazard management agent based modeling; Web GIS; spatial computing; hazard management
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Lichter, M.; Grinberger, A.Y.; Felsenstein, D. Simulating and Communicating Outcomes in Disaster Management Situations. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 1827-1847.

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