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Article

User-Centred Design of Multidisciplinary Spatial Data Platforms for Human-History Research

1
Department of Geography and Geology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
2
Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
3
Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
4
Department of Finnish and Finno-Ugric Languages, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Timothy Nyerges, Piotr Jankowski, Wenwen Li, Chaowei Yang and Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(7), 467; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10070467
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 1 July 2021 / Accepted: 4 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geospatial Open Systems)
The role of open spatial data is growing in human-history research. Spatiality can be utilized to bring together and seamlessly examine data describing multiple aspects of human beings and their environment. Web-based spatial data platforms can create equal opportunities to view and access these data. In this paper, we aim at advancing the development of user-friendly spatial data platforms for multidisciplinary research. We conceptualize the building process of such a platform by systematically reviewing a diverse sample of historical spatial data platforms and by piloting a user-centered design process of a multidisciplinary spatial data platform. We outline (1) the expertise needed in organizing multidisciplinary spatial data sharing, (2) data types that platforms should be able to handle, (3) the most useful platform functionalities, and (4) the design process itself. We recommend that the initiative and subject expertise should come from the end-users, i.e., scholars of human history, and all key end-user types should be involved in the design process. We also highlight the importance of geographic expertise in the process, an important link between subject, spatial and technical viewpoints, for reaching a common understanding and common terminology. Based on the analyses, we identify key development goals for spatial data platforms, including full layer management functionalities. Moreover, we identify the main roles in the user-centered design process, main user types and suggest good practices including a multimodal design workshop. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial data platform; GIS platform; user-centered design; technology acceptance; interdisciplinary research; human history; spatial turn; geographic data; spatiotemporal data spatial data platform; GIS platform; user-centered design; technology acceptance; interdisciplinary research; human history; spatial turn; geographic data; spatiotemporal data
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MDPI and ACS Style

Roose, M.; Nylén, T.; Tolvanen, H.; Vesakoski, O. User-Centred Design of Multidisciplinary Spatial Data Platforms for Human-History Research. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 467. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10070467

AMA Style

Roose M, Nylén T, Tolvanen H, Vesakoski O. User-Centred Design of Multidisciplinary Spatial Data Platforms for Human-History Research. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(7):467. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10070467

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roose, Meeli, Tua Nylén, Harri Tolvanen, and Outi Vesakoski. 2021. "User-Centred Design of Multidisciplinary Spatial Data Platforms for Human-History Research" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 7: 467. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10070467

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