Next Article in Journal
The Extension of IFC For Supporting 3D Cadastre LADM Geometry
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing Influential Factors on Inland Property Damage from Gulf of Mexico Tropical Cyclones in the United States
Article

Surveying Reality (SurReal): Software to Simulate Surveying in Virtual Reality

1
Department of Surveying Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, Wilkes-Barre Campus, Dallas, PA 18612, USA
2
Department of Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, Wilkes-Barre Campus, Dallas, PA 18612, USA
3
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA 16801, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marco Painho and Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(5), 296; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050296
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 1 May 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
Experiential learning through outdoor labs is an integral component of surveying education. Cancelled labs as a result of weather, the inability to visit a wide variety of terrain location, recent distance education requirements create significant instructional challenges. In this paper, we present a software solution called surveying reality (SurReal); this software allows for students to conduct immersive and interactive virtual reality labs. This paper discusses the development of a virtual differential leveling lab. The developed software faithfully replicates major steps followed in the field and any skills learned in virtual reality are transferable in the physical world. Furthermore, this paper presents a novel technique for leveling multi-legged objects like a tripod on variable terrain. This method relies solely on geometric modeling and does not require physical simulation of the tripod. This increases efficiency and ensures that the user experiences at least 60 frames per second, thus reducing lagging and creating a pleasant experience for the user. We conduct two leveling examples, a three-benchmark loop and a point-to-point leveling line. Both surveys had a misclosure of 1 mm due to observational random errors, which demonstrated that leveling can be conducted with mm-level precision, much like in the physical world. View Full-Text
Keywords: engineering education; surveying; virtual reality; virtual laboratories; immersive and interactive engineering education; surveying; virtual reality; virtual laboratories; immersive and interactive
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bolkas, D.; Chiampi, J.; Fioti, J.; Gaffney, D. Surveying Reality (SurReal): Software to Simulate Surveying in Virtual Reality. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 296. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050296

AMA Style

Bolkas D, Chiampi J, Fioti J, Gaffney D. Surveying Reality (SurReal): Software to Simulate Surveying in Virtual Reality. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(5):296. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050296

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bolkas, Dimitrios, Jeffrey Chiampi, Joseph Fioti, and Donovan Gaffney. 2021. "Surveying Reality (SurReal): Software to Simulate Surveying in Virtual Reality" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 5: 296. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050296

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop