Spontaneous Switching among Conformational Ensembles in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins
AbstractThe common conception of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) is that they stochastically sample all possible configurations driven by thermal fluctuations. This is certainly true for many IDPs, which behave as swollen random coils that can be described using polymer models developed for homopolymers. However, the variability in interaction energy between different amino acid sequences provides the possibility that some configurations may be strongly preferred while others are forbidden. In compact globular IDPs, core hydration and packing density can vary between segments of the polypeptide chain leading to complex conformational dynamics. Here, we describe a growing number of proteins that appear intrinsically disordered by biochemical and bioinformatic characterization but switch between restricted regions of conformational space. In some cases, spontaneous switching between conformational ensembles was directly observed, but few methods can identify when an IDP is acting as a restricted chain. Such switching between disparate corners of conformational space could bias ligand binding and regulate the volume of IDPs acting as structural or entropic elements. Thus, mapping the accessible energy landscape and capturing dynamics across a wide range of timescales are essential to recognize when an IDP is acting as such a switch. View Full-Text
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Choi, U.B.; Sanabria, H.; Smirnova, T.; Bowen, M.E.; Weninger, K.R. Spontaneous Switching among Conformational Ensembles in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. Biomolecules 2019, 9, 114.
Choi UB, Sanabria H, Smirnova T, Bowen ME, Weninger KR. Spontaneous Switching among Conformational Ensembles in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. Biomolecules. 2019; 9(3):114.Chicago/Turabian Style
Choi, Ucheor B.; Sanabria, Hugo; Smirnova, Tatyana; Bowen, Mark E.; Weninger, Keith R. 2019. "Spontaneous Switching among Conformational Ensembles in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins." Biomolecules 9, no. 3: 114.
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