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Biomolecules 2018, 8(4), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom8040115

FcRn Expression in Wildtype Mice, Transgenic Mice, and in Human Tissues

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
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Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 29 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 October 2018 / Published: 15 October 2018
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Abstract

Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot methods were developed to assess neonatal Fc-receptor (FcRn) mRNA and protein expression in human FcRn transgenic mice, Swiss Webster mice, and in select human tissues. Additionally, FcRn turnover was evaluated via pulse-chase. FcRn mRNA expression was significantly higher in transgenic mice when compared to mouse FcRn mRNA in Swiss Webster mice and it ranged from 184-fold higher in the kidney to 109,000-fold higher in the skin. FcRn protein expression was found to be 13-fold lower in kidney to 5.6-fold higher in lung obtained from transgenic mice compared to FcRn protein expression in lung samples obtained from Swiss Webster mice. FcRn protein expression in human liver and small intestine tissues matched more closely with FcRn expression in Swiss Webster mice but were significantly lower when compared to values found from Swiss Webster and transgenic mice. Although FcRn mRNA expression correlated significantly with protein expression (p < 0.0005), the correlation coefficient was only 0.113. As such, the measurement of FcRn protein may be preferred to FcRn mRNA for quantitative applications. Significant differences were found in FcRn expression in transgenic mice, Swiss Webster mice, and human tissues, which may have implications for the use of mouse models in the assessment of monoclonal antibody disposition, efficacy, and safety. View Full-Text
Keywords: FcRn; human FcRn transgenic mouse; mRNA; protein; tissue expression FcRn; human FcRn transgenic mouse; mRNA; protein; tissue expression
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Li, T.; Balthasar, J.P. FcRn Expression in Wildtype Mice, Transgenic Mice, and in Human Tissues. Biomolecules 2018, 8, 115.

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