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Article

The Acute Immune Responses of the Common Carp Cyprinus carpio to PLGA Microparticles—The Interactions of a Teleost Fish with a Foreign Material

1
Laboratory for Comparative Immunology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Immunology, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany
2
Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Masaryk University, 601 77 Brno, Czech Republic
4
South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, Institute of Aquaculture and Protection of Waters, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Alan Prem Kumar
Biomolecules 2022, 12(2), 326; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020326
Received: 4 January 2022 / Revised: 12 February 2022 / Accepted: 15 February 2022 / Published: 18 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Medicine)
Poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) particles safely and effectively deliver pharmaceutical ingredients, with many applications approved for clinical use in humans. In fishes, PLGA particles are being considered as carriers of therapeutic drugs and vaccine antigens. However, existing studies focus mainly on vaccine antigens, the endpoint immune responses to these (e.g., improved antibody titres), without deeper understanding of whether fishes react to the carrier. To test whether or not PLGA are recognized by or interact at all with the immune system of a teleost fish, we prepared, characterized and injected PLGA microparticles intraperitoneally into common carp. The influx, phenotype of inflammatory leukocytes, and their capacity to produce reactive oxygen species and phagocytose PLGA microparticles were tested by flow cytometry, qPCR, and microscopy. PLGA microparticles were indeed recognized. However, they induced only transient recruitment of inflammatory leukocytes that was resolved 4 days later whereas only the smallest µm-sized particles were phagocytosed. The overall response resembled that described in mammals against foreign materials. Given the similarities between our findings and those described in mammals, PLGA particles can be adapted to play a dual role as both antigen and drug carriers in fishes, depending on the administered dose and their design. View Full-Text
Keywords: PLGA; common carp; carrier; teleost fish; antigen; microparticle; aquaculture; vaccine; inflammation; foreign body PLGA; common carp; carrier; teleost fish; antigen; microparticle; aquaculture; vaccine; inflammation; foreign body
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montero, R.; Chan, J.T.H.; Köllner, B.; Kuchta, R.; Vysloužil, J.; Podhorec, P.; Holzer, A.S.; Korytář, T. The Acute Immune Responses of the Common Carp Cyprinus carpio to PLGA Microparticles—The Interactions of a Teleost Fish with a Foreign Material. Biomolecules 2022, 12, 326. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020326

AMA Style

Montero R, Chan JTH, Köllner B, Kuchta R, Vysloužil J, Podhorec P, Holzer AS, Korytář T. The Acute Immune Responses of the Common Carp Cyprinus carpio to PLGA Microparticles—The Interactions of a Teleost Fish with a Foreign Material. Biomolecules. 2022; 12(2):326. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020326

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montero, Ruth, Justin Tze Ho Chan, Bernd Köllner, Roman Kuchta, Jakub Vysloužil, Peter Podhorec, Astrid Sibylle Holzer, and Tomáš Korytář. 2022. "The Acute Immune Responses of the Common Carp Cyprinus carpio to PLGA Microparticles—The Interactions of a Teleost Fish with a Foreign Material" Biomolecules 12, no. 2: 326. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom12020326

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