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Article

Loss of the MAF Transcription Factor in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

1
Institute of Human Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 60-479 Poznan, Poland
2
Department of Clinical Pathomorphology, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
3
Department of Oncologic Pathology, Cancer Center, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
4
Department of Oncologic Pathology and Prophylactics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences and Greater Poland Cancer Center, 61-866 Poznan, Poland
5
Department of Tumor Pathology, Greater Poland Cancer Centre, 61-866 Poznan, Poland
6
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Turku University and Turku University Hospital, 20-500 Turku, Finland
7
Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-355 Poznan, Poland
8
Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 61-569 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Rami I. Aqeilan
Biomolecules 2021, 11(7), 1035; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11071035
Received: 22 February 2021 / Revised: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 15 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetics and Molecular Biology of Head and Neck Cancer)
MAF is a transcription factor that may act either as a tumor suppressor or as an oncogene, depending on cell type. We have shown previously that the overexpressed miR-1290 influences MAF protein levels in LSCC (laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma) cell lines. In this study, we shed further light on the interaction between miR-1290 and MAF, as well as on cellular MAF protein localization in LSCC. We confirmed the direct interaction between miR-1290 and MAF 3′UTR by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. In addition, we used immunohistochemistry staining to analyze MAF protein distribution and observed loss of MAF nuclear expression in 58% LSCC samples, of which 10% showed complete absence of MAF, compared to nuclear and cytoplasmatic expression in 100% normal mucosa. Using TCGA data, bisulfite pyrosequencing and CNV analysis, we excluded the possibility that loss-of-function mutations, promoter region DNA methylation or CNV are responsible for MAF loss in LSCC. Finally, we identified genes involved in the regulation of apoptosis harboring the MAF binding motif in their promoter region by applied FIMO and DAVID GO analysis. Our results highlight the role of miR-1290 in suppressing MAF expression in LSCC. Furthermore, MAF loss or mislocalization in FFPE LSCC tumor samples might suggest that MAF acts as a LSCC tumor suppressor by regulating apoptosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma; microRNAs; transcription factor; MAF; miR-1290; apoptosis laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma; microRNAs; transcription factor; MAF; miR-1290; apoptosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Janiszewska, J.; Bodnar, M.; Paczkowska, J.; Ustaszewski, A.; Smialek, M.J.; Szylberg, L.; Marszalek, A.; Kiwerska, K.; Grenman, R.; Szyfter, K.; Wierzbicka, M.; Giefing, M.; Jarmuz-Szymczak, M. Loss of the MAF Transcription Factor in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Biomolecules 2021, 11, 1035. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11071035

AMA Style

Janiszewska J, Bodnar M, Paczkowska J, Ustaszewski A, Smialek MJ, Szylberg L, Marszalek A, Kiwerska K, Grenman R, Szyfter K, Wierzbicka M, Giefing M, Jarmuz-Szymczak M. Loss of the MAF Transcription Factor in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(7):1035. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11071035

Chicago/Turabian Style

Janiszewska, Joanna, Magdalena Bodnar, Julia Paczkowska, Adam Ustaszewski, Maciej J. Smialek, Lukasz Szylberg, Andrzej Marszalek, Katarzyna Kiwerska, Reidar Grenman, Krzysztof Szyfter, Malgorzata Wierzbicka, Maciej Giefing, and Malgorzata Jarmuz-Szymczak. 2021. "Loss of the MAF Transcription Factor in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma" Biomolecules 11, no. 7: 1035. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11071035

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