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Both Matricaria chamomilla and Metformin Extract Improved the Function and Histological Structure of Thyroid Gland in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Rats through Antioxidant Mechanism

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Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Anatomy, Cytology, and Histology, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Histology, College of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71515, Egypt
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Department of Biology, College of Science, Taibah University, Madinah 42353, Saudi Arabia
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Medicine Program, Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah 22421, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, Egypt
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(1), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10010088
Received: 6 December 2019 / Revised: 25 December 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2020 / Published: 5 January 2020
There is increasing proof that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with the increased frequency of thyroid disturbances. Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) herb and metformin showed therapeutic efficacy against polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study aimed to investigate the possible therapeutic effect of both chamomile flower extract and metformin against thyroid damage associated with PCOS in rats. The PCOS model was developed in rats by injecting estradiol valerate, and it was confirmed to be associated with thyroid hypofunction biochemically and pathologically. Treatment of PCOS rats with both chamomile extract and metformin resulted in an improvement in serum level of thyroid hormones (TSH, p < 0.01; T3 and T4, p < 0.05) and the disappearance of most thyroid gland pathological changes demonstrated by light and electron microscopes. They also reduced the level of serum estrogen (p < 0.01). Both chamomile extract and metformin decreased MDA (p < 0.05) and increased GPx and CAT (p < 0.01). Only chamomile extract increased GSH (p < 0.01). Both treatments reduced the apoptotic death of thyroid cells as noted by the reduction of caspase-3 immunoexpression (p < 0.01). In conclusion, both Matricaria chamomilla extract and metformin ameliorated hypothyroidism associated with PCOS through an antioxidant and antiapoptotic mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: Matricaria chamomilla; PCOS; hypothyroidism; oxidative stress; apoptosis; estrogen; histopathology Matricaria chamomilla; PCOS; hypothyroidism; oxidative stress; apoptosis; estrogen; histopathology
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Alahmadi, A.A.; Alzahrani, A.A.; Ali, S.S.; Alahmadi, B.A.; Arab, R.A.; El-Shitany, N. .-A. Both Matricaria chamomilla and Metformin Extract Improved the Function and Histological Structure of Thyroid Gland in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Rats through Antioxidant Mechanism. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 88.

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