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Open AccessArticle

Topological Characterization of the Crystallographic Structure of Titanium Difluoride and Copper (I) Oxide

1
School of Information Science and Engineering, Chengdu University, Chengdu 610106, China
2
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
3
School of Chemical Engineering and energy, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
4
Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus 54000, Pakistan
5
Department of Mathematics, the University of Lahore, Pakpattan Campus 57600, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atoms 2019, 7(4), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms7040100
Received: 1 July 2019 / Revised: 23 October 2019 / Accepted: 24 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
Owing to their distinguished properties, titanium difluoride (TiF2) and the crystallographic structure of Cu2O have attracted a great deal of attention in the field of quantitative structure–property relationships (QSPRs) in recent years. A topological index of a diagram (G) is a numerical quantity identified with G which portrays the sub-atomic chart G. In 1972, Gutman and Trinajstić resented the first and second Zagreb topological files of atomic diagrams. In this paper, we determine a hyper-Zagreb list, a first multiple Zagreb file, a second different Zagreb record, and Zagreb polynomials for titanium difluoride (TiF2) and the crystallographic structure of Cu2O. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyper Zagreb index; first multiple Zagreb index; second multiple Zagreb index; Zagreb polynomials; titanium difluoride TiF2; crystallographic structure of Cu2O hyper Zagreb index; first multiple Zagreb index; second multiple Zagreb index; Zagreb polynomials; titanium difluoride TiF2; crystallographic structure of Cu2O
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, H.; Muhammad, M.H.; Rashid, M.A.; Ahmad, S.; Siddiqui, M.K.; Naeem, M. Topological Characterization of the Crystallographic Structure of Titanium Difluoride and Copper (I) Oxide. Atoms 2019, 7, 100. https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms7040100

AMA Style

Yang H, Muhammad MH, Rashid MA, Ahmad S, Siddiqui MK, Naeem M. Topological Characterization of the Crystallographic Structure of Titanium Difluoride and Copper (I) Oxide. Atoms. 2019; 7(4):100. https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms7040100

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Hong; Muhammad, Mehwish H.; Rashid, Muhammad A.; Ahmad, Sarfraz; Siddiqui, Muhammad K.; Naeem, Muhammad. 2019. "Topological Characterization of the Crystallographic Structure of Titanium Difluoride and Copper (I) Oxide" Atoms 7, no. 4: 100. https://doi.org/10.3390/atoms7040100

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