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Self-Similar Solution of Hot Accretion Flow with Anisotropic Pressure

by De-Fu Bu 1,*, Pei-Yao Xu 1,2 and Bo-Cheng Zhu 1,2
1
Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Universe 2019, 5(4), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe5040089
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 8 April 2019
For the accretion flow in extremely low-luminosity active galactic nuclei, such as our Galactic center (Sgr A*) and M 87, the collisional mean-free path of ions may be much larger than its gyroradius. In this case, the pressure parallel to the magnetic field is different from that perpendicular to the field; therefore, the pressure is anisotropic. We study the effects of anisotropic pressure on the dynamics of accretion flow by assuming the flow is radially self-similar. We find that in the case where the outflow is present, the radial and rotational velocities, the sound speed, and the Bernoulli parameter of the accretion flow are all increased when the anisotropic pressure is taken into account. This result suggests that it becomes easier for the accretion flow to generate outflow in the presence of anisotropic pressure. View Full-Text
Keywords: accretion; accretion disks; black hole physics; hydrodynamics; quasars; supermassive black holes accretion; accretion disks; black hole physics; hydrodynamics; quasars; supermassive black holes
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Bu, D.-F.; Xu, P.-Y.; Zhu, B.-C. Self-Similar Solution of Hot Accretion Flow with Anisotropic Pressure. Universe 2019, 5, 89.

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