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Explaining Defects of the Universal Vacua with Black Holes-Hedgehogs and Strings

1
Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
2
The Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya, 25, 117218 Moscow, Russia
3
Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej, 17-21, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
4
International Institute of Applicable Mathematics and Information Sciences, B.M. Birla Science Centre, Adarsh Nagar, Hyderabad 500063, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Universe 2019, 5(3), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe5030078
Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Open Questions in Black Hole Physics)
Assuming the Multiple Point Principle (MPP) as a new law of Nature, we considered the existence of the two degenerate vacua of the Universe: (a) the first Electroweak (EW) vacuum at v 1 246 GeV—“true vacuum”, and (b) the second Planck scale “false vacuum” at v 2 10 18 GeV. In these vacua, we investigated different topological defects. The main aim of the paper is an investigation of the black-hole-hedgehogs configurations as defects of the false vacuum. In the framework of the f ( R ) gravity, described by the Gravi-Weak unification model, we considered a black-hole solution, which corresponds to a “hedgehog”—global monopole, that has been “swallowed” by the black-hole with mass core M B H 10 18 GeV and radius δ 10 21 GeV 1 . Considering the results of the hedgehog lattice theory in the framework of the S U ( 2 ) Yang-Mills gauge-invariant theory with hedgehogs in the Wilson loops, we have used the critical value of temperature for the hedgehogs’ confinement phase ( T c 10 18 GeV). This result gave us the possibility to conclude that the SM shows a new physics (with contributions of the S U ( 2 ) -triplet Higgs bosons) at the scale ∼10 TeV. This theory predicts the stability of the EW-vacuum and the accuracy of the MPP. View Full-Text
Keywords: hedgehogs; topological defects; multiple point principle hedgehogs; topological defects; multiple point principle
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Das, C.R.; Laperashvili, L.V.; Nielsen, H.B.; Sidharth, B.G. Explaining Defects of the Universal Vacua with Black Holes-Hedgehogs and Strings. Universe 2019, 5, 78.

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