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Universe 2018, 4(2), 26;

Scalar-Tensor Black Holes Embedded in an Expanding Universe

Department Theoretical Physics, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620075, Russia
Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9RH, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 November 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 27 December 2017 / Published: 6 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Open Questions in Black Hole Physics)
Full-Text   |   PDF [320 KB, uploaded 26 February 2018]


In this review, we focus our attention on scalar-tensor gravity models and their empirical verification in terms of black hole and wormhole physics. We focus on black holes, embedded in an expanding universe, describing both cosmological and astrophysical scales. We show that in scalar-tensor gravity it is quite common that the local geometry is isolated from the cosmological expansion, so that it does not backreact on the black hole metric. We try to extract common features of scalar-tensor black holes in an expanding universe and point out the issues that are not fully investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: scalar-tensor gravity; black holes; cosmology; modified gravity; Brans–Dicke; Horndeski; de Sitter space scalar-tensor gravity; black holes; cosmology; modified gravity; Brans–Dicke; Horndeski; de Sitter space
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Tretyakova, D.; Latosh, B. Scalar-Tensor Black Holes Embedded in an Expanding Universe. Universe 2018, 4, 26.

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