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Article

Exploring Genotype-by-Environment Interactions of Chemical Composition of Raspberry by Using a Metabolomics Approach

1
Departamento de Biología Molecular y Bioquímica, Campus de Teatinos, Instituto de Hortofruticultura Subtropical y Mediterránea “La Mayora”, Universidad de Málaga-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Campus de Teatinos, 29071 Málaga, Spain
2
Institute of Beverage Research, Hochschule Geisenheim University, 65366 Geisenheim, Germany
3
The National Institute of Horticultural Research (INHORT), Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
4
Department of Genetics, James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK
5
NIBIO, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, 1431 Ås, Norway
6
Institute of Pomology, Hochschule Geisenheim University, 65366 Geisenheim, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Contributed equally to this work.
Passed away.
Academic Editor: Hirokazu Kawagishi
Metabolites 2021, 11(8), 490; https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11080490
Received: 6 July 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 26 July 2021 / Published: 28 July 2021
Promoting the consumption of fruits is a key objective of nutrition policy campaigns due to their associated health benefits. Raspberries are well appreciated for their remarkable flavor and nutritional value attributable to their antioxidant properties. Consequently, one of the objectives of present-day raspberry breeding programs is to improve the fruit’s sensory and nutritive characteristics. However, developing new genotypes with enhanced quality traits is a complex task due to the intricate impacts genetic and environmental factors have on these attributes, and the difficulty to phenotype them. We used a multi-platform metabolomic approach to compare flavor- and nutritional-related metabolite profiles of four raspberry cultivars (‘Glen Ample’, ‘Schönemann’, ‘Tulameen’ and ‘Veten’) grown in different European climates. Although the cultivars appear to be better adapted to high latitudes, for their content in soluble solids and acidity, multivariate statistical analyses allowed us to underscore important genotypic differences based on the profiles of important metabolites. ‘Schönemann’ and ‘Veten’ were characterized by high levels of anthocyanins and ellagitannins, respectively, ‘Tulameen’ by its acidity, and ‘Glen Ample’ for its content of sucrose and β-ionone, two main flavor contributors. Our results confirmed the value of metabolomic-driven approaches, which may foster the development of cultivars with enhanced health properties and flavor. View Full-Text
Keywords: berry; environment; fruit quality; nutritional value; flavor; anthocyanins; ellagitannins; volatiles berry; environment; fruit quality; nutritional value; flavor; anthocyanins; ellagitannins; volatiles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Durán-Soria, S.; Pott, D.M.; Will, F.; Mesa-Marín, J.; Lewandowski, M.; Celejewska, K.; Masny, A.; Żurawicz, E.; Jennings, N.; Sønsteby, A.; Krüger, E.; Osorio, S. Exploring Genotype-by-Environment Interactions of Chemical Composition of Raspberry by Using a Metabolomics Approach. Metabolites 2021, 11, 490. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11080490

AMA Style

Durán-Soria S, Pott DM, Will F, Mesa-Marín J, Lewandowski M, Celejewska K, Masny A, Żurawicz E, Jennings N, Sønsteby A, Krüger E, Osorio S. Exploring Genotype-by-Environment Interactions of Chemical Composition of Raspberry by Using a Metabolomics Approach. Metabolites. 2021; 11(8):490. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11080490

Chicago/Turabian Style

Durán-Soria, Sara, Delphine M. Pott, Frank Will, Jennifer Mesa-Marín, Mariusz Lewandowski, Karolina Celejewska, Agnieszka Masny, Edward Żurawicz, Nikki Jennings, Anita Sønsteby, Erika Krüger, and Sonia Osorio. 2021. "Exploring Genotype-by-Environment Interactions of Chemical Composition of Raspberry by Using a Metabolomics Approach" Metabolites 11, no. 8: 490. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11080490

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